Philosopy Assignment

Hello, I need help assistance and help with my Philosophy Signature Assignment. I already started the Rough Draft but my professor said that’s not exactly what he wanted, something missing and need clarification of the main idea of the topic.

Below is the instruction:

 

Week 8 Signature Assignment: Final Draft

The goal of this paper is to construct a fair-minded, unbiased, analytical analysis of a topic in a comprehensive essay.

  • This is not an opinion piece or a persuasive essay that simply aims to prove or reinforce what you already believe. This would be confirmation bias, and bias must be avoided in this project.
  • This project needs to avoid harsh rhetoric or language that is harmful and hurtful in nature. The point is to be objective and unemotional in your approach.
  • This essay should be written in a fair, academic, respectful, and analytical manner regardless of any of your opinions, feelings, or preconceived notions about the topic.
  • Both sides of your topic must be treated with equal attention, both in terms of the number and quality of sources and in the depth and breadth of their presentation in your essay. Both sides should be addressed in the same number of paragraphs in roughly equivalent detail, and should be supported by the same number of quality sources.
  • You must identify and define rhetorical devices and logical fallacies on both sides of the argument. Be sure you indicate which specific rhetorical device and fallacy you have found, and there is evidence in your sources of these course concepts in practice that is cited in your paper.
  • You will present statements and claims for analyzing both sides of the topic. Only then should you state you own conclusion as an objective, critical thinker given the information presented.

Essay Format: Your essay must be 5–7 pages (1600–1900 words) in length. The abstract, title page, and reference list do not count in the page or word count. The essay must have the following elements:

  • Times New Roman
  • 12-point
  • Double-spaced
  • 1-inch margins
  • Proper Level I and Level II APA section headings for all major sections of the essay
  • All other applicable APA formatting

Required Elements:

  • A properly formatted APA title page
  • A properly formatted APA abstract
  • Body of the paper
    • Introduction: Identify the issue. Provide the necessary background and/or important recent developments. Define key terms and concepts. Engage the reader and explain the broader significance of the issue.
    • Arguments and Counterarguments: Summarize the best arguments on both sides of the issue. Include relevant research from credible sources used to support each conclusion. Devote at least one paragraph to each side.
    • Evaluation of Critical Thinking: Assess the strength of the arguments and the quality of thinking surrounding this issue.
      • Identify weaknesses in critical thinking such as fallacies, rhetorical devices, vague language, and cognitive biases. Provide specific examples of how these weaknesses appear in arguments you encountered, using terminology and definitions from the course. Be specific! Present evidence from your sources that show these fallacies/biases being used.
      • Evaluate the quality of scientific and anecdotal evidence using the standards of inductive and deductive reasoning described in the course. Consider the quality of causal relationship, analogies, generalizations, and/or moral reasoning.
    • Conclusion: Analyze the totality of research and offer a critical thinker’s response to the issue. Identify your own position and experience with the issue and explain how your thinking of the subject has evolved as a result of your analysis. Your conclusion does not have to be absolute, but it should not be equivocal. If both sides have good arguments, which is better, even if only slightly better, and what is the argument that tips the scales in the sides’ favor? Why does that point tip the scales?
  • A properly formatted APA reference list
    • Sources should appear in alphabetical order according to the last name of the first author listed on the source.
    • If there is no author(s), then the source should be cited by title or organization.

Managing Chronic Illness: Chronic Renal Insufficiency

Write a 5 page research paper about managing renal insufficiency.

Include 5 references within the last 5 years.

Write an abstract.

Include the pathophysiology of the disease, signs and symptoms, treatment, and any other information that could be useful.

Include a hook to the introduction.

Include a reference at the end of each paragraph.

APA style.

Professional Accountability In Clinical Expertise

Outline the concept of professional accountability as it pertains to nursing. Provide examples of how a nurse demonstrates professional accountability in clinical expertise, the nursing process, and evidence-based practice.

Using a personal experience, please describe accountability and its applicability to all of the following three topics: Evidenced-based practice, clinical expertise, and the nursing process. Please use a minimum of 1 nursing reference in APA formatting.

AM A RN HOSPICE NURSE

WITH REFERENCES

250 – 300 WORDS

Case Study / Discussion Question

Case Study / Discussion Question

Administer a safety survey (e.g., the Injury Prevention Program [TIPP] from the American Academy of Pediatrics, or develop your own) to assess the home environment of a 6-month-old and a 5-year-old.

1.  Develop a plan of education and anticipatory guidance for the family. 2. How would you apply this information to a larger population?

150-word minimum/250-word maximum without the references.

·         Minimum of two references (the course textbook must be one of the references) in APA format, must have been published within last 3-5 years.

Upload by Saturday at 11:59 pm, Week #11

Medical Coding

The coronaviruses are a viral group that causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe respiratory diseases. The virus was aptly named due to the crown-like appearance of its surface spikes, “corona” meaning “crown.” Human coronaviruses were recognized in the mid-1960s and were divided into four subgroups: 229E (alpha); NL63 (alpha); OC43 (beta); and HKU1 (beta). An additional three human coronaviruses were identified: MERS-CoV; SARS-CoV; and SARS-CoV-2, which is responsible for the 2019-2020 global pandemic (COVID-19).

As a part of the medical administrative team at Johnson Clinic, you will develop a Quick Reference Guide for COVID-19 coding. The primary manifestations of COVID-19 are respiratory and cardiovascular; however, neurologic and dermatologic features have been reported. Per the accepted ICD-10 coding guidelines, because COVID-19 is primarily respiratory, “Codes for signs and symptoms may be reported in addition to a related definitive diagnosis when the sign or symptom is not routinely associated with that diagnosis.” Therefore, your Quick Reference Guide will include codes beyond the COVID-19 code. To begin your work on the Guide, you will locate codes.
Open the attached file and carefully follow the instructions. Accurate identification of the ICD-10 codes

MEDICAL CODING IN A GLOBAL PANDEMIC

The coronaviruses are a viral group that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe respiratory diseases. The virus was aptly named due to the crown-like appearance to its surface spikes, “corona” meaning “crown.” Human coronaviruses were recognized in the mid-1960’s and were divided into four subgroups: 229E (alpha); NL63 (alpha); OC43 (beta); and HKU1 (beta). An additional three human coronaviruses were identified: MERS-CoV; SARS-CoV; and SARS-CoV-2, which is responsible for the 2019-2020 global pandemic (COVID-19). As a part of the medical administrative team at Johnson Clinic, you will develop a Quick Reference Guide for COVID-19 coding. The primary manifestations of COVID-19 are respiratory and cardiovascular; however, neurologic and dermatologic features have been reported. Per the accepted ICD-10 coding guidelines, because COVID-19 is primarily respiratory, “Codes for signs and symptoms may be reported in addition to a related definitive diagnosis when the sign or symptom is not routinely associated with that diagnosis.” Therefore, your Quick Reference Guide will include codes beyond the COVID-19 code. To begin your work on the Guide, you will locate codes. Instructions:

· Explore the CDC ICD-10 coding site: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd10cm.htm

· Utilizing the CDC ICD-10 Browser Tool (https://icd10cmtool.cdc.gov/?fy=FY2020), locate the codes.

· Accurate location of the codes and completion of this activity earns 10 points.

 

DIAGNOSIS CODE
COVID-19  
Coronavirus, SARS associated  
Respiratory failure with hypoxia  
Encephalomyelitis, acute disseminated infectious  
Hypogeusia & Hyposmia (Hint: Check out disturbance of taste and smell)  
Ischemic cerebrovascular accident  
Hemorrhagic Intracerebral nontraumatic cerebrovascular accident  
Acute hemorrhagic necrotizing encephalopathy, post infectious  
Lung transplant infection  
Arteriovenous insufficiency  

Discussion

I NEED A RESPONSE FOR THIS ASSIGNMENT

2 REFERENCES

Moral and Ethical Issues Encountered by PMHNPs

Although psychiatric mental healthcare nurse practitioners are legally required to protect the confidentiality of mental health information disclosed by their patients, most states have laws either mandating or permitting practitioners to reveal confidential information when patients pose harm to a third party.

Most of these laws, commonly referred to as “duty to warn” laws, were passed following the seminal court case of Tarasoff v. The Regents of the University of California (Rothstein, 2014). This case established a duty among mental health professionals to warn potential victims of a risk of violence. The laws afford mental health professionals’ immunity from civil and criminal liability for the disclosure of confidential mental health information under certain conditions (Rothstein, 2014). It is important for healthcare providers to familiarize themselves with the privacy provisions for Duty to protect and laws within the state they are practicing.

Moral and Ethical Dilemmas in Adults

According to HIPAA guidelines, mental health providers, like other health care professionals, are subject to liability for breaching provider-patient confidentiality. However, although the duty to protect, as delineated in the Tarasoff decision, is intended to relieve providers of such liability by mandating that they alert others of a possible threat from a patient, an incorrect reading of a situation could have the opposite effect (Rothstein, 2014). Precisely, in a situation in which a provider strongly feels that a particular circumstance justifies a breach of provider-patient confidentiality but is ultimately mistaken, the provider could then be held liable to the patient for the breach, irrespective of any good intention on the part of the provider (Rothstein, 2014).  In Opposition, a provider who favors confidentiality over the issuance of a warning could be subject to civil liability for negligence to any threatened third party (Rothstein, 2014).

Often over the course of treating a client with HIV disease, the psychiatrist may encounter situations that generate safety concerns. Clients who are in advanced stages of HIV may suddenly become weak and unable to perform normal activities (Barret et al., 2001). Sometimes dementia may be observed first by the mental health practitioner (Barret et al., 2001).  The ethical principle requiring respect for the client’s autonomy may clash with the duty to protect both the client and the public. Consultation with medical personnel may help relieve these situations, but often more direct action may be necessary. The American Nurses Association requires that APRNs deliver care in a manner that preserves and protects healthcare consumer autonomy, dignity, and rights, while demonstrating a commitment to practicing self-care, managing stress, and connecting with self and others (ANA, 2014).

Moral and Ethical Dilemmas in Children / Adolescents

Problems of professional liability in the treatment of adolescents are complex and multifaceted. Adolescence exists in a murky area between childhood and adulthood socially, psychologically, and legally. Although adolescents must engage in their own treatment, their parents or guardians retain legal decision-making capacity (Tuckman & Ferro, 2004). Treating adolescents almost always entails engaging family members, which also creates a complex web of relationships and obligations (Tuckman & Ferro, 2004). Attorneys have crafted causes of action that have created new classes of liability for psychiatrists. Such actions have suggested new duties for psychiatrists such as providing informed consent for psychotherapy, handling repressed memories, and assuming responsibility for harm that psychiatric patients inflict on their relatives or even the public (Tuckman & Ferro, 2004).

Mississippi State Law

In Mississippi, the duty to warn is permissive. Mississippi Miss. Code Ann. §41-21-97 Physicians, Psychologists, Licensed Master Social Workers or Licensed Professional Counselors (Soulier et al., 2010). When the patient has communicated to the treating physician… an actual threat of physical violence against a clearly identified or reasonably identifiable potential victim or victims, and then the treating physician… may communicate the threat only to the potential victim or victims, a law enforcement agency, or the parent or guardian of a minor who is identified as a potential victim (Soulier et al., 2010). There also should be a termination note that will likely reduce exposure to arguments about continued duty of care and reduce the risk of responsibility if a duty to protect/warn context should emerge (Soulier et al., 2010).

References

Barret, B., Kitchener, K. S., & Burris, S. (2001). The HIV-positive disabled client: The case of

Mike. In J. R. Anderson & R. L. Barret (Eds.), Ethics in HIV-related psychotherapy:

Clinical decision making in complex cases. (pp. 249–260). American Psychological

Association. Retrieved from

https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1037/10399-013

International Society of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurses, R2 Library (Online service),

American Nurses Association, & American Psychiatric Nurses Association.

(2014). Psychiatric-mental Health Nursing : Scope and Standards of Practice: Vol. 2nd

edition. American Nurses Association. Retrieved from

https://search-ebscohost-com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db= nlebk&AN =1021972&site=eds-live&scope=site.

Rothstein, M. A. (2014). Tarasoff Duties after Newtown. Journal of Law, Medicine &

 Ethics42(1), 104–109. Retrieved from

https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1111/jlme.12123

Soulier, M. F., Maislen, A., & Beck, J. C. (2010). Status of the Psychiatric Duty to

Protect, Circa 2006. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PSYCHIATRY

AND THE LAW38(4), 457–473. Retrieved from

https://ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edswss&AN=0002866969000

03&site=eds-live&scope=site.

Tuckman, A. J., & Ferro, D. (2004). Professional Liability and Malpractice in Adolescent

Psychiatry. Adolescent Psychiatry28, 59–75. Retrieved from

https://search-ebscohost-com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db= edb&AN=184139

View The Scenario Called “Critical Decision Making For Providers” Found In The Allied Health Community Media (Http://Lc.Gcumedia.Com/Hlt307v/Allied-Health-Community/Allied-Health-Community-V1.1.Html) In A 750-1,200 Word Paper, Describe The Scenario Invol

View the scenario called “Critical Decision Making for Providers” found in the Allied Health Community media (http://lc.gcumedia.com/hlt307v/allied-health-community/allied-health-community-v1.1.html)

In a 750-1,200 word paper, describe the scenario involving Mike, the lab technician, and answer the following questions:

  1. What were the consequences of a failure to report?
  2. What impact did his decision have on patient safety, on the risk for litigation, on the organization’s quality metrics, and on the workload of other hospital departments?
  3. As Mike’s manager, what will you do to address the issue with him and ensure other staff members do not repeat the same mistakes?

A minimum of three academic references from credible sources are required for this assignment.

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Organizational Values Presentation

Prepare a 10-minute presentation (10-15 slides, not including title or reference slide) on organizational culture and values.

  1. Describe how alignment between the values of an organization and the values of the nurse impact nurse engagement and patient outcomes.
  2. Discuss how an individual can use effective communication techniques to overcome workplace challenges, encourage collaboration across groups, and promote effective problem solving.
  3. Identify a specific instance from your own professional experience in which the values of the organization and the values of the individual nurses did or did not align. Describe the impact this had on nurse engagement and patient outcomes.

While APA style format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines.

This assignment uses a grading rubric.  should review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment. IT IS MANDATORY TO FOLLOW THE RUBRIC

Here is thr rubric

Organizational Values Presentation (Benchmark Assessment)

80.0 %Content
26.0 %Describes how alignment between the values of an organization and the values of the nurse impact nurse engagement and patient outcomes. A description to how alignment between the values of an organization and the values of the nurse impact nurse engagement and patient outcomes is not provided. A description to how alignment between the values of an organization and the values of the nurse impact nurse engagement and patient outcomes is provided; however, relevant information is missing as indicated in the assignment instructions. A description to how alignment between the values of an organization and the values of the nurse impact nurse engagement and patient outcomes is provided and meets the basic criteria for the assignment as indicated in the assignment instructions. A description to how alignment between the values of an organization and the values of the nurse impact nurse engagement and patient outcomes is offered in detail. A description to how alignment between the values of an organization and the values of the nurse impact nurse engagement and patient outcomes is offered in detail, while demonstrating higher level thinking by incorporating prior learning or reflective thought.
26.0 %Discusses how an individual can use effective communication techniques to Overcome Workplace Challenges, Encourage Collaboration Across Groups, and Promote Effective Problem-Solving. A discussion to how an individual can use effective communication techniques to overcome workplace challenges, encourage collaboration across groups, and promote effective problem-solving is not provided. A discussion to how an individual can use effective communication techniques to overcome workplace challenges, encourage collaboration across groups, and promote effective problem-solving is not provided. is offered; however, relevant information is missing as indicated by the assignment instructions. A discussion to how an individual can use effective communication techniques to overcome workplace challenges, encourage collaboration across groups, and promote effective problem-solving is not provided. is offered and meets the basic criteria for the assignment as indicated by the assignment instructions. A discussion to how an individual can use effective communication techniques to overcome workplace challenges, encourage collaboration across groups, and promote effective problem-solving is offered in detail. A discussion to how an individual can use effective communication techniques to overcome workplace challenges, encourage collaboration across groups, and promote effective problem-solving is offered in detail, while demonstrating higher level thinking by incorporating prior learning or reflective thought.
28.0 %Identify a specific instance from your own professional experience in which the values of the organization and the values of individual nurses did or did not align. Describe the impact this had on nurse engagement and patient outcomes. Identification of a specific instance from your own professional experience in which the values of the organization and the values of the individual nurses did or did not align is not provided. Identification of a specific instance from your own professional experience in which the values of the organization and the values of the individual nurses did or did not align is offered; however, relevant information is missing such as a description of the impact this had on nurse engagement and patient outcomes. Identification of a specific instance from your own professional experience in which the values of the organization and the values of the individual nurses did or did not align meets the basic criteria for the assignment as indicated in the assignment instructions. An example from your professional experience is offered in detail. An example from your professional experience is offered in detail, while demonstrating higher level thinking by incorporating prior learning or reflective thought.
15.0 %Organization and Effectiveness
5.0 %Layout The layout is cluttered, confusing, and does not use spacing, headings, and subheadings to enhance the readability. The text is extremely difficult to read with long blocks of text, small point size for fonts, and inappropriate contrasting colors. Poor use of headings, subheadings, indentations, or bold formatting is evident. The layout shows some structure, but appears cluttered and busy or distracting with large gaps of white space or a distracting background. Overall readability is difficult due to lengthy paragraphs, too many different fonts, dark or busy background, overuse of bold, or lack of appropriate indentations of text. The layout uses horizontal and vertical white space appropriately. Sometimes the fonts are easy to read, but in a few places the use of fonts, italics, bold, long paragraphs, color, or busy background detracts and does not enhance readability. The layout background and text complement each other and enable the content to be easily read. The fonts are easy to read and point size varies appropriately for headings and text. The layout is visually pleasing and contributes to the overall message with appropriate use of headings, subheadings, and white space. Text is appropriate in length for the target audience and to the point. The background and colors enhance the readability of the text.
15.0 %Organization and Effectiveness
5.0 %Language Use and Audience Awareness (includes sentence construction, word choice, etc.) Inappropriate word choice and lack of variety in language use are evident. Writer appears to be unaware of audience. Use of ?primer prose? indicates writer either does not apply figures of speech or uses them inappropriately. Some distracting inconsistencies in language choice (register) and/or word choice are present. The writer exhibits some lack of control in using figures of speech appropriately. Language is appropriate to the targeted audience for the most part. The writer is clearly aware of audience, uses a variety of appropriate vocabulary for the targeted audience, and uses figures of speech to communicate clearly. The writer uses a variety of sentence constructions, figures of speech, and word choice in distinctive and creative ways that are appropriate to purpose, discipline, and scope.
15.0 %Organization and Effectiveness
5.0 %Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) Slide errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but are not overly distracting to the reader. Slides are largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. Writer is clearly in control of standard, written academic English.
5.0 %Format
5.0 %Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) Contains no title slide, no references section, and no correctly cited references within the body of the presentation. Title slide is incomplete or inaccurate. References section includes sources, but many citation errors. Citations are included within the body of the presentation but with many errors. Title slide has minor errors. References section includes sources, but they are not consistently cited correctly. Citations are included within the body of the presentation but with some errors. Title slide is complete. References section includes correctly cited sources with minimal errors. Correct citations are included within the body of the presentation. Title slide is complete. References section includes correctly cited sources. Correct citations are included within the body of the presentation.
100 %Total Weightage  

NR 439 Week 3 Discussions Posts

NR 439 EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE

(Chamberlain – Spring 2016)

 

NR 439 Week 3 Discussion 1 – Research Problems and Design

The research design flows from the research question and outlines the plan for the study that will answer the research question. The design identifies the major components of the study. It is important to remember that there is no one best design for a research study. Define qualitative and quantitative research designs.

 

NR 439 Week 3 Discussion 2 – Share a Research Design for Your Significant Nursing Clinical Issue

 

Describe which research design will work best for your research question. Why? Explain your answer

Research The Tympanic Membrane And The Thyroid Gland. Based On Your Findings, Create A 5- To 6-Page Microsoft Word Document That Includes: Information About A Minimum Of Two Health Assessment Histories. The Possible Findings For The Tympanic Membrane. I

research the tympanic membrane and the thyroid gland. Based on your findings, create a 5- to 6-page Microsoft Word document that includes:

 

Information about a minimum of two health assessment histories.

The possible findings for the tympanic membrane.

Information on how to examine the thyroid gland using both the anterior and posterior methods.

A concise note in the subjective, objective, assessment, and plan (SOAP) format with each patient’s encountered findings.

Information about laboratory tests that may be used for screening clients and the expected normal levels for each test.

Support your responses with examples.

 

On a separate references page, cite all sources using APA format.

NSG3012 W2A2

BE SURE TO SEE THE COMMENTS IN THE RETURNED ATTACHED PAPER            
Criteria Unsatisfactory 1 Emerging 2 Proficient 3 Exemplary 4 score (1, 2, 3, or 4) mult total Comments
Provided information about a minimum of two health assessment histories. Did not include minimum of two health assessment performed. Included one health assessment history however details were vague and need clarity. Included two health assessments however details were missing. Provided detailed information for two health assessment histories. 4 7 28  
Explained the possible findings for the tympanic membrane. Described some findings however did not include details for findings. Did not clearly describe all findings for tympanic membrane. Description for findings of tympanic membrane needed additional clarification. Explained and decribed all the possible findings for the tympanic membrane. 4 7 28  
Provided information on how to examine the thyroid gland using both the anterior and posterior methods. Provided vague information on how to examine the thyroid gland. Did not include both the anterior and posterior methods. Provided information on how to examine the thyroid gland. Included either the anterior and posterior methods both not both methods. Provided information on how to examine the thyroid gland. Included anterior or posterior methods however some details missing. Provided direct and concise information on how to examine the thyroid gland using both the anterior and posterior methods. 4 7 28  
Wrote a concise note in the SOAP format with each patient’s encountered findings. Provided a note using the SOAP format with one patient’s findings. Provided a note using the SOAP format with two patient’s findings. However details and clarity were missing. Provided a note using the SOAP format with two patient’s findings. Some details were included however needed more information. Provided a concise note using the SOAP format with each patient’s encountered findings. 4 7 28  
Provided information about laboratory tests that may be used for screening clients and the expected normal levels for each test. Provided information about review laboratory tests that may be used for screening clients however did not include the expected normal levels for each test. Provided information about review laboratory tests that may be used for screening clients and the expected normal levels for some tests. Provided information about review laboratory tests that may be used for screening clients and the expected normal levels for each test. Some errors noted in values. Provided detailed and concise information about review laboratory tests that may be used for screening clients and the expected normal levels for each test. 4 7 28  
Written components        
  Introduction is limited or missing entirely. Poorly organized document. Transitions are infrequent, illogical, or missing entirely. Conclusion is limited or missing entirely. Writing contains numerous errors in spelling, grammar, or sentence structure that severely interferes with readability and comprehension. No attempt at APA formatting. Introduction is present but incomplete or underdeveloped. Poorly organized document that interferes with readability and comprehension. Transitions are sporadic. Conclusion is present, but incomplete or underdeveloped. Writing contains numerous errors in spelling, grammar, or sentence structure that somewhat interfere with readability or comprehension. APA format is attempted to paraphrase, quote, and cite, but errors are significant. Introduction has a clear opening, provides background information, and states the topic. Loosely organized document that may haveto be inferred. Transitions are appropriate and help the flow of ideas. Conclusion summarizes main argument and has a clear ending. Writing follows conventions of spelling and grammar throughout. Errors are infrequent and do not interfere with readability or comprehension. APA format is attempted to paraphrase, quote, and cite, but few errors are present. Introduction catches the reader’s attention, provides compelling and appropriate background information, and clearly states the topic. Well organized document with an appropriate introduction. Transitions are thoughtful and clearly show how ideas relate. Conclusion leaves the reader with a sense of closure and provides concluding insights. Writing follows conventions of spelling and grammar throughout that helps establish a clear idea and aid the reader in following the writer’s logic. APA format is used throughout when appropriate or called for. 4 5 20  
Comments:   subtotal 160  
    Late 0  
    Total 160